Evidence of Citizenship
Evidence of citizenship is applying for an Australian Citizenship Certificate.
Australia is made up of such a diverse mix of people and the laws around immigration and citizenship have changed significantly over time. With this is mind, it is important to note that assumptions about who is and isn't an Australian citizen are often misunderstood. For example, not all children who are born in Australia are citizens from birth, rather, they must meet certain criteria before they are granted citizenship automatically.
Why apply for an Australian Citizenship Certificate?
A Citizenship Certificate is the most reliable and surest way a person can prove they are an Australian citizen. A Citizenship Certificate even trumps an Australian birth certificate and Australian passport.
Please note: The following information is meant as a general guide only and not considered formal advice. Each situation should be assessed on its own merits.
'We will focus mainly on children who were
born in Australia to *New Zealand parents
who were subclass TY444 visa holders
at the time of the child's birth'
A child born to TY444 New Zealand citizen parents is an Australian citizen if they were either:
1. Born in Australian and lived the first 10 years of their life from 0 to 10 years old in Australia
2. Born in Australia and either of their New Zealand parents were/are recognised as Eligible New Zealand citizens otherwise known as 'Protected SCV' holders at the time of their birth.
3. If a child is born in Australia to a New Zealand citizen parent and at least one parent is an Australian citizen or Australian permanent resident, they are an Australian citizen at birth.
4. If a child is born in Australia to New Zealand parents between the 1st September 1994 and the 26th February they are Australian citizens at birth.
5. If a child was born in Australia to New Zealand parents up to the 19th August 1986 they are Australian citizens at birth.
6. If a child was born to New Zealand parents between the 19th August 1986 and the 31st August 1994 they would have had to live in Australia for the first 10 years of their life and then they would have been automatically granted Australian citizenship on their 10th birthday.
Note: Generally, children who are subject to the 10 year rule are not restricted from applying for citizenship if they travelled overseas for short holidays or trips between the ages of 0 and 10 years old.
How to apply for an Australian Citizenship Certificate?
A responsible parent can apply for children who are under 16 years old and children 16 years old an older can apply on their own.
How long does it take for an application for an Australian Citizenship Certificate to process?
Processing times vary from month to month but in our experience it can take anywhere from 1 day to 6 weeks to process.
How much does it cost to apply?
If people wish to engage our services our general professional fee to make an application is provided in the Consultation process
What evidence is needed?
If evidence is needed to prove the first 10 years of residency, then you can include (but not restricted to) records such as immunisation records and school records e.g. school reports or a letter from the school confirming years of enrolment between the child's 5th and 10th birthdays.
For children who were citizens at birth, evidence of parents' status is important. For Eligible New Zealand citizens I generally provide a copy of the parents' movement records to show they meet the criteria or other supporting documents such as passports, birth certificates, Australian citizenship certificates or a copy of the parent's permanent visa.
All other supporting documentation includes identity documents, proof of address, a passport photo and a Form 1195 - Identity Declaration.
Further details can be found on the Department of Home Affairs website ' Get a Citizenship Certificate'.
*All subclass TY444 visa holders except by a parent who was a diplomatic representative of New Zealand